By CASEY HULL
Capital News Service
LANSING — Michigan schools are experiencing increased threats of violence in the months following the school shooting in Parkland, Florida, when 19 students were killed.
The number of threats or acts of violence in schools is three times higher across the nation since February, according to the Educators School Safety Network, a nonprofit that tracks media reports of violence. It regularly reports Michigan as being in the top 10 in the nation for such incidents.
Two shootings have occurred at Michigan schools since 2016.
In Northern Michigan, police have investigated three potential threats at Traverse City West High School and one at Petoskey High School since mid-February.
Two cases concerned friends who responded to a threat made by a classmate. None of the instances was found to be a credible threat of violence.
“I don’t think the hypersensitivity to threats is a bad thing right now,” said Doug Pratt, director of public affairs for the Michigan Education Association, the state’s largest union of teachers and other school staff.
“At the root cause of this are students who really need help,” Pratt said. “We need to be able to provide the holistic education for a kid, and that includes taking care of their mental wellbeing.”
In 2015, the Traverse Bay Area Intermediate School District developed a crisis response team of two social workers and nine psychologists to address the needs that its school often face.
“The crisis team offers training for all the local school districts and academies,” said Carol Greilick, the district’s assistant superintendent of special education.
“Trauma and crisis are in the eyes of the beholder,” Greilick said. “It may be a relatively simple thing, such as a student losing a family member, or it could be a school district losing a student or teacher.”
In response to the sudden death of a teacher last year, the crisis team provided assistance.
“The team worked with administrators in both districts to plan a response,” Greilick said. “They set up counseling rooms, planned the script for informing students and worked step by step through the response anticipating student needs, family needs and staff needs.”
Addressing student concerns is more difficult with less staff, said Tamara Kolodziej, a guidance counselor at Petoskey High School.
The average ratio for K-12 schools in the U.S. is 482 students per counselor. In Michigan, which has seen a 25 percent decrease in school counselors since 2005, the ratio is 729 students for each counselor.
In response to concerns about school safety and student welfare, the Senate is considering a bill that would allocate an additional $50 million towards hiring more guidance counselors, social workers and armed resource officers.
“Here at Petoskey we have two counselors for a thousand students,” Kolodziej said. “We’re lucky because they’re going to be hiring another counselor next year. We’ve been down to two counselors for the last seven years.”
Guidance counselors are responsible for “data maintenance, scheduling classes, transcripts, communicating with parents and staff — it’s a lot for two people,” she said.
“Our biggest job is organizing testing,” said Kolodziej.
Those obligations mean that counselors get less face time with students. “We each generally see 10 to 12 students in our office a day,” Kolodziej said.
Kolodziej emphasized the difference between a guidance counselor and a licensed therapist.
Petoskey High School has a licensed therapist practicing on site. Therapy isn’t free but having one on site provides easier access for students seeking mental health services.
Addressing student mental health needs will take adjustments on the part of schools.
“We need to arm educators with smaller class sizes, more counselors and better security measures,” the MEA’s Pratt said.
Students are well aware that the potential for violence exists, Pratt said. “Even at a young age, you have elementary schools going through lockdown drills.”
Teachers and counsellors are not the only ones who should be responsible for students’ welfare, he said. The whole school system is responsible.
“A classroom teacher’s job is to help every student learn the material,” Pratt said.
“We can’t ask educators to do everything,” Pratt said. “They need to be able to assess the situations, but they also need the resources to follow up.”